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EXIT HESI Comprehensive B Evolve Practice Questions and Answers Latest 2022/2023


EXIT HESI Comprehensive B Evolve Practice Questions and Answers Latest 2022/2023

EXIT HESI Comprehensive B Evolve

Practice Questions and Answers

The nurse is caring for a client with a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) who is

receiving enteral tube feedings. Which task performed by the UAP requires

immediate intervention by the nurse?

A.Suctions oral secretions from mouth

B.Positions head of bed flat when changing sheets

C.Takes temperature using the axillary method

D.Keeps head of bed elevated at 30 degreesCorrect answer- B

Rationale:

Positioning the head of the bed flat when enteral feedings are in progress

puts the client at risk for aspiration (B). The others are all acceptable tasks

performed by the UAP (A, C, and D).

When caring for a postsurgical client who has undergone multiple blood

transfusions, which serum laboratory finding is of most concern to the nurse?

A.Sodium level, 137 mEq/L

B.Potassium level, 5.5 mEq/L

C.Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level, 18 mg/dL

D.Calcium level, 10 mEq/LCorrect answer- B

Rationale:

Multiple blood transfusions are a risk factor for hyperkalemia. A serum

potassium level higher than 5.0 mEq/L indicates hyperkalemia (B). The

others are normal findings (A, C, and D).

Which vaccination should the nurse administer to a newborn?

A.Hepatitis B

B.Human papilloma virus (HPV)

C.Varicella

D.Meningococcal vaccineCorrect answer- A

Rationale:

The hepatitis B vaccination should be given to all newborns before hospital

discharge (A). HPV is not recommended until adolescence (B). Varicella

immunization begins at 12 months (C). Meningococcal vaccine is

administered beginning at 2 years (D).

The nurse is caring for a client on the medical unit. Which task can be

delegated to unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?

A.Assess the need to change a central line dressing.

B.Obtain a fingerstick blood glucose level.

C.Answer a family member's questions about the client's plan of care.


D.Teach the client side effects to report related to the current medication

regimen.Correct answer- B

Rationale:

Obtaining a fingerstick blood glucose level is a simple treatment and is an

appropriate skill for UAP to perform (B). (A, C, and D) are skills that cannot

be delegated to UAP.

The nurse is caring for a client with an ischemic stroke who has a

prescription for tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) IV. Which action(s) should

the nurse expect to implement? (Select all that apply.)

A.Administer aspirin with tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA).

B.Complete the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS).

C.Assess the client for signs of bleeding during and after the infusion.

D.Start t-PA within 6 hours after the onset of stroke symptoms.

E.Initiate multidisciplinary consult for potential rehabilitation.Correct answerB,C,E

Rationale:

Neurologic assessment, including the NIHSS, is indicated for the client

receiving t-PA. This includes close monitoring for bleeding during and after

the infusion; if bleeding or other signs of neurologic impairment occur, the

infusion should be stopped (B, C, and E). Aspirin is contraindicated with t-PA

because it increases the risk for bleeding (A). The administration of t-PA

within 6 hours of symptoms is concurrent with a diagnosis of a myocardial

infarction and within 4.5 hours of symptoms is concurrent for a stroke (D).

When caring for a client in labor, which finding is most important to report to

the primary health care provider?

A.Maternal heart rate, 90 beats/min.

B.Fetal heart rate, 100 beats/min

C.Maternal blood pressure, 140/86 mm Hg

D.Maternal temperature, 100.0° FCorrect answer- B

Rationale:

A fetal heart rate (FHR) of 100 beats/min may indicate fetal distress (B)

because the average FHR at term is 140 beats/min and the normal range is

110 to beats/min 160. The others (A, C, and D) are normal findings for a

woman in labor.

The nurse is caring for a client with heart failure who develops respiratory

distress and coughs up pink frothy sputum. Which action should the nurse

take first?

A.Draw arterial blood gases.

B.Notify the primary health care provider.

C.Position in a high Fowler's position with the legs down.

D.Obtain a chest X-ray.Correct answer- C

Rationale:


Positioning the patient in a high Fowler's position with dangling feet will

decrease further venous return to the left ventricle (C). The other actions

should be performed after the change in position (A, B, and D).

A client who is prescribed chlorpromazine HCl (Thorazine) for schizophrenia

develops rigidity, a shuffling gait, and tremors. Which action by the nurse is

most important?A.Administer a dose of benztropine mesylate (Cogentin)

PRN.

B.Determine if the client has increased photosensitivity.

C.Provide comfort measures for sore muscles.

D.Assess the client for visual and auditory hallucinations.Correct answer- A

Rationale:

Rigidity, shuffling gait, pill-rolling hand movements, tremors, dyskinesia, and

masklike face are extrapyramidal side effects associated with Thorazine. It is

most important for the nurse to administer an anticholinergic such as

Cogentin to reverse these effects (A). The others (B, C, D) may be

appropriate interventions but are not as urgent as (A).

A nurse is interviewing a mother during a well-child visit. Which finding would

alert the nurse to continue further assessment of the infant?

A.Two-month-old who is unable to roll from back to abdomen

B.Ten-month-old who cannot sit without support

C.Nine-month-old who cries when his mother leaves the room

D.Eight-month-old who has not yet begun to speak wordsCorrect answer- B

Rationale:

As a developmental milestone, infants should sit unsupported by 8 months

(B). The milestone of rolling over is achieved at 5 to 6 months for most

infants (A). Stranger anxiety is common from 7 to 9 months (C). Speaking a

few words is expected at about 12 months (D).

Which intervention should be included in the plan of care for a client

admitted to the hospital with ulcerative colitis?

A.Administer stool softeners.

B.Place the client on fluid restriction.

C.Provide a low-residue diet.

D.Add a milk product to each meal.Correct answer- C

Rationale:

A low-residue diet (C) will help decrease symptoms of diarrhea, which are

clinical manifestations of ulcerative colitis. (A, B, and D) are contraindicated

and could worsen the condition.

The nurse is caring for a client with deep vein thrombosis who is on a

continuous IV heparin infusion. The activated partial prothrombin time (aPTT)

is 120 seconds. Which action should the nurse take?

A.Increase the rate of the heparin infusion using a nomogram.

B.Decrease the heparin infusion rate and give vitamin K IM.


C.Continue the heparin infusion at the current prescribed rate.

D.Stop the heparin drip and prepare to administer protamine sulfate.Correct

answer- D

Rationale:

An aPTT more than 100 seconds is a critically high value; therefore, the

heparin should be stopped. The antidote for heparin is protamine sulfate (D).

Increasing the rate would increase the risk for hemorrhage (A). The infusion

should be stopped, and vitamin K is the antidote for warfarin (Coumadin) (B).

Keeping the infusion at the current rate would increase the risk for

hemorrhage (C).

While assessing a client with recurring chest pain, the unit secretary notifies

the nurse that the client's health care provider is on the telephone. What

action should the nurse instruct the unit secretary to implement?

A.Transfer the call into the room of the client.

B.Instruct the secretary to explain reason for the call.

C.Ask another nurse to take the phone call.

D.Ask the health care provider to see the client on the unit.Correct answer- C

Rationale:

Another nurse should be asked to take the phone call (C), which allows the

nurse to stay at the bedside to complete the assessment of the client's chest

pain. (A and B) should not be done during an acute change in the client's

condition. Requesting the health care provider (D) to come to the unit is

premature until the nurse completes assessment of the client's status.

Which instruction(s) should the nurse include in the discharge teaching plan

of a male client who has had a myocardial infarction and who has a new

prescription for nitroglycerin (NTG)? (Select all that apply.)

A.Keep the medication in your pocket so that it can be accessed quickly.

B.Call 911 if chest pain is not relieved after one nitroglycerin.

C.Store the medication in its original container and protect it from light.

D.Activate the emergency medical system after three doses of medication.

E.Do not use within 1 hour of taking sildenafil citrate (Viagra).Correct

answer- B,C

Rationale:

Emergency action should be taken if chest pain is not relieved after one

nitroglycerin tablet (B). The medication should be kept in the original

container to protect from light (C). Keeping the medication in the shirt pocket

provides an environment that is too warm (A). The newest guidelines

recommend calling 911 after one nitroglycerin tablet if chest pain is not

relieved (D). Nitroglycerin and other nitrates should never be taken with

Viagra (E).

The nurse prepares to administer 3 units of regular insulin and 20 units of

NPH insulin subcutaneously to a client with an elevated blood glucose level.

Which procedure is correct?



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